World Natural Heritage World Geopark The First National Forest Park of China
shuire@gmail.com ZJJOnine

Gannian of Zhangjiajie

Culture 2010/03/17 View:1737

The Tujia minority in Zhangjiajie area has a unique custom to celebrate their new year: if the last month of the lunar calendar has 30 days, they would celebrate the new year on the 29th in lunar calendar;if the last month has only 29 days, they would set the 28th as day for celebration. Tujia people called the new year celebration one day ahead of New Year’s Eve as “Gannian”. There was a popular folk story on “Gannian” among the Tujia people.

It was said that in the 33rd year of Jiajing Reign in the Qing Dynasty (1555 A.D.),Japanese pirates kept on harassing and attacking China’s southeastern seaboard. Minister of the Qing Dynasty Zhang Jing reported that to the imperial court, asking for deploying soldiers from the western Hunan and Hubei provinces to help suppress the pirates, which got approved by the emperor.

Under the imperial order, Chieftain of Weimao post in Yongding county Tan Yaozhi with his son Tan Chengkun led other soldiers to quell the pirates at the end of the lunar year. As Tan Yaozhi knew it almost impossible for him to return, he decided to celebrate the New Year with his family two day ahead of the traditional new year in case he would die in the battlefield. As time was limited, the soldiers stewed cured meat, toufu, and carrot together in a pot namely, “Hecai (all dishes together)”, and marched to the battlefront. They defeated the enemies and regained the lost territory in no time.

Ganian reflected Tujia people’s lofty vitues of always taking the overall situation into account and willingness to sacrifice themselves to the country.

23.jpg

Reading
  • Introduction of “Summer Begins”

    Introduction of “Summer Begins”

    Introduction of “Summer Begins”:“Summer Begins” comes on May 5 or May 6 every year. When the sun reaches the celestial longitude of 45 degrees, it’s the beginning of the summer season. Usually people consider this period as the time when crops’ growth enters into the peak season.
    2017-05-06 08:46 View:1890
  • Qingming Festival

    Qingming Festival

    Qingming Festival is one of the 24 seasonal division points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After the festival, the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. It is the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the Qingming Festival is not only a seasonal point to guide farm work, it is more a festival of commemoration.
    2017-04-05 21:35 View:1276
  • The Beginning of Winter

    The Beginning of Winter

    The Beginning of Winter is the time when winter officially arrives. When vegetation withered away, the weather becomes colder. Everything in the natural world falls into this cycle. In ancient agricultural society, the beginning of winter, spring, summer and autumn are called the “Four Beginnings.” They are all important days. For our ancestors, the beginning of winter is not just the start of a cold season but also a time to rest, a time when living things witness a period of dormancy and self-renewal.
    2016-11-11 11:01 View:1907
  • Zhangjiajie Taboo Custom

    Zhangjiajie Taboo Custom

    As the saying goes: “Different wind in ten-li, different custom in hundred-li.” “Asking taboo, asking custom into countryside.” Every nation and even every family and every profession, has its own different taboo content, it can not only reflect a full of Platonic superstitious cultural mentality, but also infiltrate the times scientific connotation, and reflect the developing trend of the nations constantly marching towards progress and amalgamation.
    2017-01-19 16:22 View:1553
  • Tujia Minority jumping funeral dance

    Tujia Minority jumping funeral dance

    Jumping funeral dance is also called as “Jumping funeral drum” and called "Saerhe" in Tujia language, it is an ancient funeral ritual dance of Tujia Minority people of Ba people’s descendants, with strong local color. It is mainly popular in Tujia Minority area of Qingjiang River basin, and corresponding to the popular region of Shaking Hand Dance, so called “Shaking Hand at south Jumping funeral dance at north”.
    2017-04-10 16:21 View:1794
  • Tujia spending the New Year of three times

    Tujia spending the New Year of three times

    Tujia people spend the New Year of three times, namely spend “Having Caught Up With Year” on 29 (or 28) Lunar December, spend “June Year” on 25 Lunar June, spend “October Year” on 1 Lunar October. When spending “Having Caught Up With Year”, kindle the bonfire at village barnyard, Tujia people dance the Shaking Hand Dance and sing the New Year song around the bonfire.
    2016-12-30 16:20 View:1602
  • Western Hunan Temple Fair

    Western Hunan Temple Fair

    Recorded in “Juan Family Genealogy”: Dayong Tujia Minority and Bai Minority, “Believing the wizard to exceed the God Willing, bugling the ox horn to exceed the battle drum, there are much more laughter persons, but there are a few of persons to have the knowledge. Thus, Cili records is said that: not know the years outside Maohuajie.”
    2017-01-04 16:19 View:1419
  • Miao Minority Autumn Harvest Festival

    Miao Minority Autumn Harvest Festival

    Autumn Harvest Festival is a large folk festival activity of Miao Minority for entertainment, trade, youth exchange to celebrate the future harvest before autumn harvest or autumn beginning.
    2016-11-23 16:18 View:1367
  • Zhangjiajie Tujia Drip Bed

    Zhangjiajie Tujia Drip Bed

    The Tujia bridegroom shall make a “Drip Bed” before marriage.The drip bed does not drop, just like the drip from the eaves. Usually it is divided into a pass drip and two pass drip. Two-drip bed is also called as the “One step” bed, engraved with dragon and phoenix, it is very exquisite and it is a special skill in Tujia.
    2017-01-18 16:17 View:1909
  • Tujia Shaking Hand Dance

    Tujia Shaking Hand Dance

    Tujia Shaking Hand Dance is a large-scale dance with most influence in Tujia Minority, and with a strong religious color. The song is produced along with dance and the dance is named along with the song.
    2017-02-22 16:16 View:1432