Taohuayuan Fairyland is situated in National 4-A Tourism Scenic Spot Taohuayuan, Taoyuan County. Being an extraordinary geographical location, it is adjacent to Wuling on the south and Yuanjiang River on the north. Portrayed as a fairyland by the Eastern Jin Dynasty poet Tao Yuanming (about 365—427) in his famous Records of Peach Blossom Source, Taohuayuan, with a long history of more than 1600 years, is renowned at home and abroad for its pastoral beauty of its mountains and waters, and for the popularity of its temples and tablets.. Shiwaitaoyuan(世外桃源，a hidden paradise) has for generations represented mortal beings’ spiritual dwelling and ideal pursuit. Location: Taohuayuan Tourism Resort is located in the lower reach of the Yuan River and in the southwestern part of Taoyuan County. It includes Taohua Mountain, Taoyuan Mountain, Qin Dynasty Village, Taoxian Mountain, the Lingjintan Scenic Spot, the Yiwangxi Scenic Spot, and the 69 km Yuan River Tourist Line. It has a total area of 157.55 km2. Its scenic area incorporates five villages and towns: Qinglin Village, Zhangjiang Town, Taohuayuan Town, Lingjintan Village and Xinglongjie Village. History: Taohuayuan is the prototype of a wonderful place far from the cruel reign of the Qin Dynasty described in Records of Peach Blossom Source by Tao Yuanming, a famous poet in the East Jin Dynasty. It has a 1,600-year history and has been regarded as a Shangri-la by later generations. Taohuayuan was first built in the Jin Dynasty (256-439 A.D), began to take shape in the Tang Dynasty (618-709), flourished in the Song Dynasty (960-1297), and went to ruin in the Yuan Dynasty (1297-1368). With ups and downs through the Ming Dynasty (1368-1911), it was almost abandoned in the times of the Republic of China (1912-1949). Its restoration began in 1949 and a large-scale expansion and development began in 1990. Even 5,000-6,000 years ago, fishermen lived in the Taohuayan Scenic Area. It belonged to the Chu Kingdom in the Warring States Period, Qianzhong Shire in the Qin Dynasty, Yuannan County of Wuling Shire in the Han Dynasty, and Yuannan County of Jingzhou Wuling Shire in the Jin Dynasty. In the early Tang Dynasty, the government defined the range of the Taohuayuan Mountain. Liu Yuxi, a famous litterateur in the Tang Dynasty, often went sight-seeing in Taohuayuan and wrote Beautiful Scene of Taoyuan when he was demoted here. In the first year of the Qiande Period of the Song Dynasty (963), the government Pided the area into the middle and lower reaches of the Yuan River in Taohuayuan, and it established a new county called “Taoyuan” where there were scenic spots and historical sites. In the first year of Zhenghe, Emperor Hui of the Song Dynasty wrote “Taochuan Longevity Palace” on a stele and sent it to Taoyuanyuan. After that, it became even more famous. Even in the Yuan and Qing Dynasties and during China’s Republican Period when the area found itself intermittently in either prosperity or depression, Taohuayuan was still of great charm.Culture: Since the birth of Records of Peach Blossom Source by Tao Yuanming in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, later generations have continually praised Taohuayuan in writing. As a result, both its scenery and the writings about it became famous. The wonderful place far from the cruel reign of the Qin Dynasty described in Records of Peach Blossom Source by Tao Yuanming was admired and praised by the later litterateurs as the prototype of “Shi Wai Tao Yuan (remote retreat)”. Many famous poets, litterateurs, officials and Taoists since the Tang Dynasty have had a special longing for it and tried their best to praise it. Such famous litterateurs as Meng Haoran, Wang Changling, Wang Wei, Li Bai, Du Mu, Liu Yuxi, Han Yu, Lu You, and Su Shi have left a legacy of many valuable poems and proses. There are now 45 volumes of various Collections of Writings about Taohuayuan and Annals of Taohuayuan from different periods, more than 2000 verses, more than 130 thousand characters of prose, 107 horizontal inscribed boards and couplets, 108 pieces of inscribed and engraved stone tablets, more than 600 paintings and more than 40 folklores about Taohuayuan.Brand: In 1959, Taohuayuan was placed on the list of “Provincial-level Key Cultural Relics Under Protection by the Hunan Provincial Government”. In 1987, it was listed as one of the “Top Ten Scenic Spots of Hunan by the Hunan Provincial Government”; in 1992, it was approved as a National Forest Park by the Forestry Ministry of China. In 2001, it was approved to be a National AAAA Grade Scenic Spot by the National Tourism Administration of China; and in 2004, it was approved to be a Key National Scenic Spot by the State Council. On the 24th of March 1995, President Jiang Zemin came to Taohuayuan. After making an inspection tour of cultural relics and natural landscapes, he said “This is the real Taohuayuan described by Tao Yuanming” and he wrote an inscription as a memento. It was also appraised continually for 4 years as one of “the Best Scenic Spots of Hunan” and as a “Civilised Forest Park of Hunan”. In 2000, Taohuayuan was recognised as one of the 50 scenic spots you have to visit in your lifetime. On the 12th of June 1998, in the Fifth International Conference for the Grammy Awards for the Golden Tourism Lines co-held by Tourism Weeks and the Japanese Writers Association in Osaka, Japan, the tourism line of Changsha—Taohuayuan—Zhangjiajie was awarded the “Destination Special Development Award”, being one of the two awarded golden tourism lines of China.Transportation: Taohuayuan, located in the northwestern part of Hunan Province, is the gateway to the western part of China. It is surrounded by Changsha, Shaoshan, Zhangjiajie, Three Gorges, and Western Hunan Autonomous Prefecture and has a distance of about 200 km to each of them. It has convenient air, water and land links, with the National Highway 319 running through the area, the National Highway 207 passing by its eastern part 30 km away, and is 40 km away from the Changsha-Changde Expressway, 20 km away from the Taoyuan Toll Gate on the Changde-Zhangjiajie Expressway, the Changde-Jishou Expressway and the Changde-Shaoyang Expressway, Changde-Yueyang Expressway, Changde-Jingzhou (Hubei Province) Expressway. The Yuan River, a main waterway of Hunan Province, can directly reach Yueyang and the Yangtze River by passing through the Dongting Lake. The Shimen-Changsha Railway (from Shimen to Taoyuan to Changde to Yiyang to Changsha) has a main railway station in Changde which is only 50 km away from Taohuayuan and provides a convenient connection between Taohuayan and the cities along the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway. Taohuayuan Airport, a National Second Level Civil Airport, is only 34 km away from the scenic spot and has already opened airlines to Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Haikou, Kunming, Chongqing and so on.Animals and plants: Taohuayuan has a favourable environment for animals to live and has a complex food chain. It has a rich resource of animals and plants. There are 255 kinds of beautiful exhibiting animals, among which 230 are wild, forming 90% of the total, and 25 are tamed, 446 kinds of woody plants, among which 63 are peach species, forming 13.8% of the total, more than 740 kinds of herbs, among which 238 are beautiful and fragrant group plants.Service facilities: In the Taohuayuan Tourism Resort there are more than 10 hotels and more than 30 restaurants, with a reception capacity of more than 2,000 tourists per day; there is a national primary-level power supply line, a waterworks with a production capacity of 40 thousand tons per day, Changqing Gas Station, a petrol station co-managed with the Changling Refinery, a post office, two China Mobile micro receiving towers and two China Unicom micro receiving towers and 2,000 programmed control telephone exchangers.
HOT Changde & Yueyang & Hengyang
Xidongting Wetland is located in the eastern part of Hanshou County, Hunan Province. It covers an area of 35,680 hectares and it is the entrance to the Dongting Lake, China’s second largest freshwater lake. It is the bridgehead of the golden tourist route of Changsha-Zhangjiajie, only a hundred kilometers east of Changsha, 40 km west of Changde, and about two-hours drive from Zhangjiajie. In 1998, as approved by the Hunan Provincial Government, it was established as a provincial nature reserve. In 2002, it was included by UNESCO on the “List of 30 Wetlands of International Importance”. In 2005, it was designated by the National Ministry of Construction as one of 9 National City Wetland Parks. In 2008, it was granted the title of National AAA Scenic Spot by the National Tourism Bureau. Xidongting Wetland is like a natural maze. There are abundant waterways and various islands with endless reeds together with a rich production of fish and rice. It is also known as a biological gene bank because it is the habitat for 416 different wet plants, 217 species of birds, and 118 species of fish. It also boasts a profound cultural influence as it is the birthplace of the Canglang Culture. Qu Yuan, the ancestor of Chinese Yongwu Poetry, once lived here and created many verses to honour the Dongting Lake, as did other men of letters, providing many local legends and a rich local mythology. Within the wetland there are more than 30 eco-tourism attractions and 4 cultural spots. It is becoming ever more popular among tourist agencies and travelers alike. The Changsha-Zhangjiajie Expressway passes through this area with two exits at Junshanpu and Taizimiao. There is a county level railway station at Taizimiao on the Shimen-Changsha Railway. The No.319 National Highway and S205 Provincial Highway run through this area eastward and southward respectively. It is also within easy reach of the Huanghua International Airport (1 hour away) and the Taohuayuan Airport (40 minutes away). It provides waterway transportation which can reach many other places via the Dongting Lake.
Changde & Yueyang & Hengyang
The Jiashan Mountain Scenic Area stands in Jinshi County located in the Northwest of Hunan Province. It consists of 4 sections, namely, Jiashan Mountain, Xujia Lake, Shiling-Qingshan Scenic Area and Gucheng Scenic Tourism Town, covering an area of 17.35 km2. As the core scenic spot, Jiashan Mountain is located at the edge of the Wuling Range, with the Dongting Lake to the East, Li River to the West and an idyllic countryside area to the South. Jiashan Mountain occupies an area of 2 km2 with a height of 147.07m. About 0.5 km South of Jiashan Mountain lies the birthplace of Mengjiangnv. According to accounts in the “Story of Mengjiang Mountian” written by Quo Qing in 1867 (the sixth year of Emperor Tongzhi’s reign), Jiashan Mountain was called Cuilu before the Qin Dynasty. After a long trek searching for her husband (Fan Xi), Mengjiangnv failed and cried at the Great Wall. The Great Wall collapsed before her and Meng recognised her husband’s skeleton by shedding her blood. She decided to return to their hometown with the bones but died at Tongguan, Shanxi. The local residents were so moved by her story that they decided to rename their town Mengjiang Mountain, commonly known as Mengjia Mountain. During the period of Emperor Hongzhi in the Ming Dynasty (1488-1505), Li Rugui, the minister of two major departments at that time, was a Lizhou local. Mengjia Mountain was renamed Jiashan Mountain (the Chinese character Jia means “to praise”) by Li Rugui to honour Mengjiangnv. Jiangnv Temple, or Jiangnv Shrine, was built there by other people. It consists of more than 30 houses, with an Entrance Hall, Main Hall, Back Hall and Temple Hall. The Temple experienced destruction and underwent reconstruction many times. In January, 1954, it was laid in ruin after a fierce fire. In the front of the Temple, there was ‘Wangfu Platform’ (a platform used to long for Meng’s husband) and a ‘Mirror Stone’. The well on the Southern slope of Jiashan Mountain is also famed to be a spectacular scene, having existed for a thousand years with constant fresh water. It is said to be the place where Mengjiangnv was bathing as Fan Xi hid behind a tree and peeked at her, after which they became married. This well was thus named the ‘Bathing Well’. Legend has it that lovers can be blessed and have children if they drink water from it. Jiashan lies between Changsha and Wuhan and thus enjoys a unique advantage in terms of transportation links. The Xiangbei Expressway and Taiyuan-Macau Expressway (to be constructed) pass through Jinshi County. It connects the Shimen-Changsha Railway and Zhicheng-Liuzhou Railway. Taohuayuan Airport is also only 80 km away from Jinshi City. Near the city is the Li River, which runs eastward to the Dongting Lake and boasts one of the six major ports of Hunan Province. It is navigable for 500-ton vessels all year round to places as far as Changsha, Wuhan, and Shanghai.
Changde & Yueyang & Hengyang
Liuye Lake Resort lies in the northeastern corner of Changde City proper. It is a harmonious integration of lake, city as well as hills. It has a planning area of 175 km2, in which water area occupies 21.8 km2. It is one of the largest city lakes in China. In ancient times, the belt-shaped lake was well-known for its beautiful scenery with the “willows on the bank swaying in the wind, songs of fishermen spreading from the boats on the lake, pine trees singing in the gentle breeze, and the lake framing a belt of water.” At present, it is recognized as “A Jewel of Hunan”, and “The Best Wonder of Changde”. It is also one of the “Best Natural Aquatic Sports Fields”, as wells as an “Urban Aquatic Paradise”. In 2001, the Liuye Lake was officially recognised as a national AAA tourism spot; in 2006, it was selected as one of the “New Top Eight Scenic Spots of Hunan”. After its construction, it hosted a series of important sports events, including: The Aquatic Sports Events of the Eighth Sports Meeting of Hunan Province, the Eighth Asian Kayak Championship, the All-Star Chinese and American Water Skiing Competition, and the First Short Track Rally of China, etc. Within the resort there are Baihe Hill, Huashan Hill, and Taiyang Hill, all covered with pine and fir trees, and islands in the lake shimmering like emeralds in blue water. Also, Yinyuan Garden, Wujianping Terrace and Mount Zhangjia, a graveyard since the Warring States Period, add a rich cultural atmosphere to the natural scenery. It enjoys convenient transportation links, only 10 km away from Taohuayuan Airport and a 10-minute drive from the downtown area from where tourists can reach all parts of China by train or bus.
Changde & Yueyang & Hengyang
Reshi Hot Spring Resort lies in Reshi Town, Taoyuan County. It boasts 5 hot springs with a temperature of 47℃, the amount of flowing water being 0.5 m3 per second, and 1,800 m3 per hour. The spring water is of a high-quality calcium metasilicate type and contains various useful microelements like bromium, iodium, radium, etc. It meets the No. GB8537-87 State Standard for safe drinking water and is good for bathing. In this resort there is Xingdeshan Mountain, which is a Provincial Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit. It boasts a marvelous natural beauty and profound culture. The elevation of its major peak reaches 843.5 meters at the summit. The tectonic setting is of the Danxia Landform with a bright red colour, which makes for a glorious lustre. The neighbouring regions are of typical karst topography, silver in colour and shaped like bamboo nodes. Between the mountain peaks, there are mysterious canyons and gigantic old trees. It is noted for its Taoist culture, with the ancient Xingzi Palace, having a 638-year history, standing at the top of grotesque and fantastic stone peaks. Xingzi Palace is made of stones, and has a unique architectural style, built by delicate carving skills and fine craftsmanship. There are altogether 72 scenic spots in Xingdeshan Mountain, which is a good place for climbing, worshiping, and sightseeing. It enjoys convenient transportation links, 50 km away from Taohuayuan Airport to the South, 104 km away from the Hehua Airport in Zhangjiajie to the north, and 35 km away from Shimen Railway Station to the east. The Changde-Zhangjiajie Expressway and No. 306 Provincial Highway pass through it.
Changde & Yueyang & Hengyang